Based on Deputy United States Marshal J. G. Owens' sworn statement a writ was issued by Commissioner James Churchill to bring the accused parties before the District Court.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
To the Marshal of the Western District of Arkansas, -- Greetings.
WHEREAS, complaint on oath hath been made before me, charging that Wyatt S. Earp and Edward Kennedy did on or about the 28th day of March A.D. 1871, in the Western District of Arkansas feloniously steal and take away two horses from the lawful possession of James Keys, contrary to the form of the statute in such cases made and provided, and against the peace and dignity of the United States.
Given under my hand this 1st day of April, A. D. 1871, in the 95th year of our Independence.
For Wyatt Earp who was locked up to have a bail set at $500 shows the importance of the crime. Friends, the sum of $500 was a huge sum of money in 1871.
And really, now that I think about it, a low down horse thieve is not that odd for a man who would be arrested many times as a Pimp!
Click here to read that story! Was Wyatt A Pimp?