Sunday, May 25, 2014

U.S. Marine Corps - The Most Important Branch



Although a poll out recently shows that Americans do not agree with me, I believe that the United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the most important branch of our military. The first reaction that you may have after reading that statement may be somethings to the effect, "that's no surprise coming from a former-Marine." But before you dismiss my position on military importance, please hear me out.

Gallup started asking Americans about the importance of U.S. military branches in the 1940s, using a variety of questions over the years. Each year Gallup asks the same question. Recently, Gallup released it's annual poll which shows that Americans feel the U.S. Army is the most important service branch to national defense -- but the United States Marine Corps is still considered the most prestigious.

The annual poll​, timed to mark the start of the long Memorial Day weekend, showed that 26 percent of Americans say the Army is the most important military branch. And, as surprising as it was to me, believe it or not, the Army was followed closely by the Air Force at 23 percent.

The Marine Corps was called the most important by 19 percent, the Navy by 17 percent, and the Coast Guard by 3 percent, the poll found. Technically the Coast Guard works for the Department of Homeland Security, so I really don't know why they were in the poll because they are not part of our military -- the Coast Guard is not under the Department of Defense.

By the way, I have a great deal of respect for the Coast Guard. They are great at what they do. While they have periodically been used to assist in military operations, there is a reason that they are not a part of our military. That reason has to do with the Coast Guard's ability to make arrests. According to our laws, the power to make an arrest is not a power that our military has because of the Posse Comitatus Laws.

The Posse Comitatus Act (1878) prohibits the use of the U.S. military, specifically the Army, to aid civil officials in enforcing the law or suppressing civil disorder unless expressly ordered to do so by the president. In the 1870s, Southern Democrats in Congress resented the widespread use of federal troops during Reconstruction introduced the law. Subsequently, this law was to stop that.

Since the Posse Comitatus Act restricts the participation of the military in domestic law enforcement activities, the Coast Guard is not a part of our military and has been placed under civilian authority. 

As for committing the U.S. Army, their role of importance has to do with our adherence to the Constitution. If we are to adhere to the laws written in the U.S. Constitution, then we are to understand that the U.S. Constitution states that only Congress can lawfully declare war. According to the Constitution, Congress must pass an act of war so that the United States can deploy the Army. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts, and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States.
While I have a great deal of admiration and respect for all of the branches of our military, and while I really believe that the U.S. Army is much more important than the Air Force because of the difference in their missions, I do not believe that the Army and the Air Force are more important than the Marine Corps and the Navy.

My reasoning has nothing to do with my affection for the Marine Corps or the Navy, or some supposed dislike for either the Army or the Air Force. I admire everyone serving in all of the branches. I really do.

I see the Air Forces as having bigger payload capabilities with their B-52s and such, which the Marine Corps and Navy do not have. To me, America shouldn't need them unless it was such an engagement of such enormity that both Marine and Navy air power isn't able to do the job alone.

Per the Air Force: "The mission of the United States Air Force is to fly, fight and win in air, space and cyberspace." While they play a key role in war-fighting, the Air Force and its massive air power will always be a supportive role to commanders who want to disable industrial and military installations, or positions of importance.

Can that sort of bombing win a war? No, it never has. Fact is, no, like it or not, unless using nuclear weapons, you cannot win a war with just air power. Winning wars will always be left to troops on the ground.

As for the Army, I see the Army as America's giant fighting machine. Since the Army has over half a million soldiers on active duty (546,047) and over half a million soldiers on reserve status (559,244), the U.S. Army is over a million soldiers strong. Yes, that's Army strong.

In contrast to the Marine Corps which is the smallest of the United States Armed Forces in the U.S. Department of Defense with 195,000 on active duty and 40,000 ready reserves. The difference is that the Army's gigantic war machine takes much longer to deploy.

In most cases it takes months and there is a whole lot more logistics involved to get its massive numbers of troops from one place to another. It is a lumbering giant at best. Once awake and in place, it is a force that is second to none -- but it take a long time to get into the fight.

The Marine Corps and the Navy are more important if we just look at the practical application of American military power around the world.

Because both tactically and logistically, it's all about getting the best into combat the fastest, the United States Marine Corps is the branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.

As for technically requiring a Declaration of War to deploy the Army, per the Constitution, that is not the case with the Marine Corps. No act of war is needed to deploy U.S. Marines.

The Marines can be used "as the President may direct," according to the 1834 Marine Corps Law. Because of that, U.S Marines operate in a state of readiness for combat unmatched by units in other military branches.

A single Marine unit has everything it needs to leap right into combat, including logistical support and close air support both internally and from the Navy. And yes, Marines keep units stationed on Navy ships that are "on float" around the world. A force in readiness that puts Marines closer to potential trouble spots than troops stationed in the United States or Europe.

According to law, the "as the President may direct" portion of the Marine Corps' job description puts Marines in quite a few non-amphibious situations, including combat far from beaches, running security detail on some Navy ships -- which historically was originally the Corps’ primary function -- protecting U.S. Embassies as well as the White House, and transporting the president and vice president in Marine helicopters. By law, 10 U.S. Code 5063, the Marine Corps is responsible, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of peacetime components of the Marine Corps to meet the needs of war.

For me, while I might be biased being a former-Marine, I see the Marine Corps as the most important branch simply because large numbers of Marines can be put ashore anywhere in the world, with lethal firepower, backed up by Marine and Naval Air, faster than anyone else can. And that leads me into why I also see the United States Navy as the second most important military branch of all.

For those who see the Navy as being less important than than the Army or the Air Force, it's obvious that those polled do not know what the United States Navy does. And no, I'm not talking about the importance of Navy SEALS.

Being real honest, Navy SEALS do a great job for what they do. But, let's face facts, they do not represent the U.S.Navy. In fact, SEALS are not representative of the much bigger overall mission of the United States Navy.

The mission of the U.S. Navy is a lot more than merely deploying a handful of SEALS ashore at any given time. And frankly, the Navy is a lot more than simply the less that half of 1% of all Sailors in the United States Navy who are SEALS -- or those who have anything to do with them. To me, while SEALS seem to do a lot of work for special ops, they have little to do with the mission of the Navy.

Per the Navy: "The mission of the Navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas."
To accomplish their mission, the vast majority of sailors are truly the unsung heroes of the Navy. To maintaining freedom of the seas, America has Sailors who fuel and repair aircraft, scrap and paint, weigh anchor and do the heavy lifting, and preform hundreds of other jobs both atop the waves and beneath the ocean, all to make sure our ships get from one side of the world to the other. These unsung heroes are deployed on about 300 ships and a multitude of bases around the world in every clime and place. They are the "Real Navy" which sadly never gets the recognition they deserve. 

Fact is, from Boatswain Mates to Cooks, from Machinist Mates to Aviators, there are over 300,000 active duty and over 100,000 ready reserve sailors in the United States Navy. All ready to fulfill the mission of the Navy of maintaining, training and equipping combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression by their mere presence, and maintaining freedom of the seas for American shipping.

Today, the U.S. Navy has the distinction of being the world's premier naval power. To really understand why there’s a need for a sea-based military in this day and age, just consider this:
  • 70% of the earth is covered by water
  • 80% of the planet’s population lives within close proximity to coastal areas
  • 90% of global commerce is conducted by sea
  • Commerce is the life-blood of free nations
Any way you look at it, our ability to navigate the waterways of the world freely is as critical today as it was more than 200 years ago. Whether it's by way of oceans, canals, rivers, there remains a great need for the Navy to be out there serving Americans as a guardian for our freedom and defending the life we cherish.

To support the cause of liberty abroad and promoting peace for all humanity, and enabling the safe travel of people and goods to meet the expanding demands of Americans worldwide, America's Navy is unique in that it conducts missions on all fronts: in the air, on land, and at sea.

Sadly, since World War II, the importance of the Navy has not been publicized over the years. Consequently, it is not a surprise that Americans view the Air Force as the most important branch of the military for many years up to the mid-2000s.

Now, as for the Army, the Army has edged out other military branches in Gallup surveys conducted throughout the years especially the last decade.

Importance does not necessarily equal prestige.

The Marine Corps has consistently been considered the nation’s most prestigious military branch, even if not the most important, with nearly half of Americans — 47 percent — saying they respect Marines the most.

The Air Force was a distant second, with 17 percent saying is was the most prestigious branch, said the poll.

And no, the Navy is not happy with the results as it is seen as the least prestigious military branch in the eyes of Americans -- with only a mere 12% of Americans saying the Navy is the most prestigious military branch.

As for the Marines being America's most prestigious military branch, that doesn't surprise me. After all, as a former-Marine, I really have to ask who's never heard of "The few, the proud, the Marines."

Marines are America's 911 when an enemy needs it's butt kicked. Because of the Marine Corps' history and tradition of being able to land on foreign shores faster than the Army, the Marine Corps' claim of being the first to fight in every clime and place where it can take a gun is legitimate. 

That's the way I see it.

Now if you would like to do more reading about the Marine Corps' activities from 1865 to 1900 when it was in every clime and place where it could take a gun, please click:
The Late 1800s - U.S. Military Action Abroad

Tom Correa

Semper Fi!




4 comments:

  1. Ooorah Tom! My son is finishing up boot camp getting ready for the crucible in 2 weeks! Thanks for your comments, proud of you and thank you for your service!!!

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    1. Thanks for your comment. Your son joins a Marine Corps steeped in history and tradition. His love of country and determination to fight for his family and nation is what its all about. And yes, as his parent, you have the hard job of supporting his sense of duty when the times are hard and his assignments are trying. But please know this, since he is a Marine, his training has taught him how to prevail -- and he will! May God bless your family! Semper Fi!

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    2. God bless our boys that wear "the blues" I'm not putting down any other branches. is just that I'm have a soft spot for the "devil dogs", you see my baby boy was one of them and serve proudly in Okinawa... God willing more young people join the USMC because if they going to serve no better group that the Marines... After his boot-camp someone ask my son: -'why becoming a marine, it is so hard!'-... his answer was:... -'If it was easy I have join any other branch. I like serve with my brothers that feel and think like me, nothing in this life is easy but working hard and with dedication, has its rewards, ! like how it feel that you did your part to keep our Country safe!"-
      Than you for you service Mr Correa, Semper Fi!

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  2. To keep a country safe, it needs military support. Recently I have got an information on the overview of modern optics system from a website.I also got information on location and others of military bases in usa and overseas.

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