As a newly minted 2nd Lieutenant, he participated in the American Civil War. It is a fact that during the Civil War, Lieutenant Cochrane actually had the duty of accompanying President Abraham Lincoln as a member of his guard. And yes, he was there with President Lincoln at the dedication ceremony for the new Gettysburg Battlefield Cemetery when President Lincoln delivered his famed Gettysburg Address.
As an old Marine Detachment Marine, I can appreciate the fact that as a Captain serving as the Fleet Marine Officer on board the sloop-of-war USS Lancaster, Flagship of the European Station, Captain Cochrane was present at the bombardment of Alexandria, Egypt, by the British Fleet in July 1882. During the operation, he accompanied a landing party along with Lieutenant Littleton W. T. Waller consisting of a mixed bluejacket and Marine force to suppress looting and to protect the U.S. consulate.
Advancing cautiously through the burning and rubble strewn streets, the Americans reached the Grand Square of Mehmet Ali, the heart of the city. The American Consulate was here, and it became the headquarters of the force.
Cochrane, Waller and their Marines were assigned to Lord Charles Beresford’s British force for the protection of the European Quarter. The anticipated rebel counterattack never came, and a ten-day standoff ended with the arrival of the four thousand-man British relief force.
According to the Times of London: "Lord Charles Beresford states that without the assistance of the American Marines he would have been unable to discharge the numerous duties of suppressing fires, preventing looting, burying the dead, and clearing the streets."
Believe it or not, a year later, U.S. Marine Henry Clay Cochrane was present at the coronation of Czar Alexander III at Moscow in May of 1883.
Later on in 1898, as a Major, he was appointed second in command of the 1st Marine Battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Robert W. Huntington and participated in the landing at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba during the Spanish American War. Actually, he served as Executive Officer of the 1st Marine Battalion during the 1898 landing at Guantanamo Bay.
As for the Marine Corps emblem?
Well, it is said that the general design of the emblem was probably derived from the Royal Marines' "Globe and Laurel" -- but frankly, no one knows.
The United States Marine Corps emblem recommended by the 1868 board consisted of a globe intersected by a fouled anchor, and surmounted by a spread eagle.
On the emblem itself, there is a ribbon, clasped in the eagle's beak, bearing the Latin motto "Semper Fidelis" which is Latin for "Always Faithful." The uniform insignia omit the motto ribbon.
The globe shows the continents of the Western hemisphere. Some believe that represents the Monroe Doctrine. Most agree the globe on the U.S. Marine emblem signifies the Corps' readiness to serve in any part of the world.
The eagle represents the United States. The anchor, which dates back to the founding of the Corps in 1775, acknowledges the naval tradition of the Marines and their continual service within the Department of the Navy.
|Officer and Enlisted Dress Emblems|
The insignia on enlisted Marines' blue Dress uniform are bright brass, while the globe, eagle and cable on the officers' are silver and the anchor and continents are gold plated.
The eagle is depicted with wings displayed, standing upon the Western hemisphere of the terrestrial globe, and holding in his beak a white ribbon bearing the Marine Corps motto "Semper Fidelis" with the hemisphere superimposed on a fouled anchor.
President Eisenhower approved the design on June 22, 1954. The emblem as shown on the seal was adopted in 1955 as the official Marine Corps emblem.
In 1911, Commandant William P. Biddle standardized a mandatory two-month recruit training schedule which included drill, physical exercise, personal combat, and intensive marksmanship qualification with the recently-adopted M1903 Springfield rifle. He set up four depots at Philadelphia, Norfolk, Puget Sound, and Mare Island as Recruit training facilities.
After standards and marksmanship plummeted as a result of the cutback, the seven week schedule was returned, and additional training was given at Camps Lejeune or Camp Pendleton for Marines, based on specialties, before being assigned to a unit.
During the Korean War, training was shortened from ten weeks to eight, but returned afterward to ten.
In 1956, the Ribbon Creek incident led to scrutiny and reform in recruit training, such as an additional layer of command oversight and the distinctive campaign cover being adopted for Drill Instructors.
The Vietnam War shortened boot to nine weeks, and again saw infantry recruits attend follow-up training at Camp Lejeune and Camp Pendleton. Toward the end of the Vietnam War, the Marine Corps started a thirteen week program that is still in place today.
United States Marine Corps Recruit Training, commonly known as "boot camp", is a 13 week program of initial training that each recruit must successfully complete in order to join the United States Marine Corps.
All enlisted individuals entering the Marine Corps, regardless of eventual active or reserve duty status, must undergo and successfully pass recruit training at one of the two Marine Corps Recruit Depots (MCRD) to claim the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor of a Marine.
Marines hold to the belief that their recruit training is the most physically and mentally difficult amongst America's Uniformed Services. Marines are proud of the rigorous training that is in fact longer than the other branches, requires a more demanding Physical Fitness Test, and has the strictest demands for both physical and mental fitness. Furthermore, only the Marines require 500 yard marksmanship qualification, while others require significantly less.
The Corps makes Marines. They win our nation's battles. They develop quality citizens. Those are the promises the Marine Corps makes to our nation and to our Marines.
Those promises are the reasons for the Corps' demanding recruit training process. They form the Corps reputation as America's force in readiness and are honored through the reciprocal commitment, between the Marine and Marine Corps, expressed in our motto: "Semper Fidelis" which is Latin for "Always Faithful."
As we Marines see it, there is no better symbol for the purpose we serve than the emblem every Marine earns: the Eagle, Globe and Anchor.
Henry Clay Cochrane's concept of the Corps' Eagle, Globe, and Anchor, is symbolic of our Nation, our Naval Traditions, and of the Corps' World Wide Service since 1775.
For those who earn the emblem, they join a Corps that takes on the missions of protecting the lives of our citizens and the interests of our nation all over the globe. No one knows where the next conflict or crisis will emerge. Ridding the world of threats requires a lightweight, nimble force that not only can responds rapidly -- but also takes control when it gets there.
When unexpected threats arise, it is the Marine Corps that is best prepared to face them down. From humanitarian relief efforts to combat operations, from air, land and sea in every clime and place, Marines answer our nation's call.
Few have what it takes to become Marines, and their emblem, the Eagle, Globe and Anchor, is a symbol of the entire Corps, its history, its legacy, traditions, valor, and self-sacrifice.
Our emblem bonds us together as Marines. No matter of our age difference, or our wars, or even when we went threw boot camp, because it is earned, the right to wear the Marine Corps emblem is something that no one can take away from a Marine -- it is our's forever.
And yes, that's just the way I see it.