Monday, June 10, 2013

On This Day: June 10th, 1964

Imagine all of the things in American History that have taken place on June 10th?

On June 10th, 1752, Ben Franklin and his son fly a kite in a strom and it gets struck by lightning. It was a shock to Ben!

June 10th, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.

June 10th, 1793, Washington D.C. replaced Philadelphia as capital of United States.

June 10th, 1801, the North African State of Tripoli declared war on the U.S. The dispute was over merchant vessels being able to travel safely through the Mediterranean.

It was June 10th, in 1869, that the steamship S.S. Agnes arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef

June 10th, 1871, Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 U.S. Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.

June 10th, 1898, U.S. Marines landed in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
June 10th, 1909, the Morse Code "SOS" distress signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency. The Cunard liner S.S. Slavonia used the signal when it wrecked off the Azores.

June 10th, 1921, the US Naval Dirigible made a forced landing on a San Diego high School Campus after the under work collapsed under the Air Ship and narrowly missed the school flagpole.

On June 10th, 1943, during World War II, the Allies began bombing Germany around the clock.
On June 10th, 1944, the youngest pitcher in major league baseball pitched his first game. Joe Nuxhall was 15 years, 10 months and 11 days old.

June 10th, 1948, was the day that test-pilot Chuck Yeager exceeded the speed of sound in the Bell XS-1.

June 10th, 1952, President Harry Truman, an ultra-liberal Democrat, announces his desire to "Nationalize"American steel industry similar to Communist governments.

June 10th, 1954, General Motors announced the gas turbine bus had been produced successfully.
June 10th, 1961, after injuries sustained while on a trip to Canada, President Kennedy's back injury is improving although he is still using crutches to get around.

On this day in 1964, Congressional Democrats Filibustered the Civil Rights Act.

The bill was called for by President John F. Kennedy in his civil rights speech of June 11, 1963, in which he asked for legislation, "giving all Americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public—hotels, restaurants, theaters, retail stores, and similar establishments," as well as "greater protection for the right to vote."

Emulating the Republican's Civil Rights Act of 1875, President Kennedy's civil rights bill included provisions to ban discrimination in public accommodations, and to enable the U.S. Attorney General to join in lawsuits against state governments which operated segregated school systems, among other provisions.

One day short of a year later, June 10th, 1964, was a dramatic day in the United States Senate.

For the first time in its history, cloture was invoked on a civil rights bill, ending a record-breaking filibuster by Democrats that had consumed fifty-seven working days.

The Democrats, the party of slavery, secession, segregation, and the KKK, fought against equality for 83 days and lost that day.

The hero of the hour was minority leader Republican Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen of Illinois

Senator Everett Dirksen, the Republican Leader in the U.S. Senate, condemned the Democrats for their 57-day filibuster against the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

Leading the Democrats in their opposition to civil rights for African-Americans was Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV).

It's true, on the morning of June 10, 1964, Senator Robert Byrd who was a Democrat and former Klu Klux Klan member from West Virginia completed a filibustering address that he had begun 14 hours and 13 minutes earlier opposing the legislation.

Byrd joined with Democrat Senators to filibuster the Civil Rights Act of 1964, personally filibustering the bill for 14 hours.

Until then, the measure had occupied the Senate for 57 working days, including six Saturdays.

With six wavering senators providing a four-vote victory margin, the final tally stood at 71 to 29.

Never in history had the Senate been able to muster enough votes to cut off a filibuster on a Civil Rights bill. And only once in the 37 years, since 1927, had it agreed to cloture for any measure.

Despite an 83-day filibuster in the Senate, President Johnson signed the bill into law.  Later, Byrd would also opposed the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

In the early 1940s, Byrd recruited 150 of his friends and associates to create a new chapter of the Ku Klux Klan in Sophia, West Virginia.

Byrd became a recruiter and leader of his chapter. When it came time to elect their Exalted Cyclops, their top officer in the Klan, Byrd won unanimously.

In 1946, Byrd wrote to segregationist Mississippi Senator Theodore G. Bilbo:

I shall never fight in the armed forces with a negro by my side ... Rather I should die a thousand times, and see Old Glory trampled in the dirt never to rise again, than to see this beloved land of ours become degraded by race mongrels, a throwback to the blackest specimen from the wilds.

—Robert C. Byrd, in a letter to Sen. Theodore Bilbo (D-MS), 1946

In 1947, Byrd wrote a letter to a Grand Wizard stating, "The Klan is needed today as never before, and I am anxious to see its rebirth here in West Virginia and in every state in the nation."

Yes, Robert Byrd, who got into politics as a recruiter for the Ku Klux Klan and draft dodger during World War II, spoke against the bill for 14 straight hours.

But that wasn't his only demonstration of old style Democrat bigotry, Byrd was the only senator to vote against both Thurgood Marshall and Clarence Thomas to the United States Supreme Court, the only two African-American nominees.

In the Thurgood Marshall situation, Byrd asked FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to look into what Byrd believed to be the possibility that Marshall had either connections to Communists or had a Communist past.

In a March 4th, 2001, interview with Tony Snow, Byrd said of race relations:

They're much, much better than they've ever been in my lifetime ... I think we talk about race too much. I think those problems are largely behind us ... I just think we talk so much about it that we help to create somewhat of an illusion. I think we try to have good will. My old mom told me, 'Robert, you can't go to heaven if you hate anybody.' We practice that. There are white niggers. I've seen a lot of white niggers in my time, if you want to use that word. We just need to work together to make our country a better country, and I'd just as soon quit talking about it so much."

Byrd's use of the term "white nigger" created immediate controversy.

When asked about it, Byrd apologized saying the phrase dated back to his boyhood and he was trying to articulate strongly held feelings.

I can't help but wonder why, even up to his death, Democrats called Senator Robert Byrd "the conscience of the Senate."

In 1964, in his speech, Republican Senator Dirksen called on the Democrats to end their filibuster and "accept racial equality." 

Accepting racial equality is something that Republicans have fought for since the 1850s - well over 150 years.

It is what the Democrat Party, the party of slavery, secession, segregation, and the KKK, has fought against forever.

Story by Tom Correa

1 comment:

  1. Did Robert Byrd just say there were "white N words"? Shame on him! I prefer to be called Caucasian-American, thank you very much.


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