Theodore Roosevelt, 1903

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Saturday, May 2, 2015

Cattle Breed -- Gelbvieh

I had a picture of a Gelbvieh bull posted here. Since I did not know where that picture came from during a search for a picture of a Gelbvieh bull, I did not know who to contact. And since in the past, I have had more than one photographer take credit for a picture that I've made the mistake of posting without permission, I simply remove the photograph so that I do not offend anyone.

My apologies go out to the photographer, and I want to thank the photographer for bringing this to my attention. As for me not obtaining permission as I should have, I sincerely apologize. I have subsequently removed the photo. 

As for this article, a while back I was contacted by a few 4H members asking me about a number of different breeds. This is part of the information that I've attempted to provide them. 

What are Gelbvieh cattle? 

Gelbvieh is pronounced "Gelp-fee", but they are also known as Einfarbig gelbes Hohenvich, and even German Yellow

Ranked as one of the Top Five Beef Cattle Breeds in the United States in again and again, Gelbvieh originated in three Franconian districts of Bavaria in southern Germany.

It is believed to have been first developed around 1850 from self-colored Bernese and Swiss Brown cattle used on the local red or red spotted cattle.

Like most European breeds, the Gelbvieh was originally selected for meat, milk and work. The breed was introduced into the United States by Carnation Genetics through the importations of semen from Germany.

After World War II, Germany used a stringent selection program to repopulate its cowherd, using conformation, carcass quality, and milk production in the progeny-testing system.

The breed was first imported to the U.S. starting in July of 1971, when U.S. regulations were passed to allow for importation, bringing 43,000 units to America. In that same year, the American Gelbvieh Association was formed.

The Gelbvieh is one of the European breeds which was introduced to the United States through artificial insemination programs. Like many other breeds imported during this time the breed was established by the upgrading of foundation females.

Females are registered as purebred at 7/8 Gelbvieh and bulls at 15/16. To gain status as an A.I. sire in Germany, the German bulls first must excel in a battery of performance and progeny tests. Over 70% of the German calf crop is A.I.-sired. That means the breed is backed by a strong performance heritage.

The American Gelbvieh Association (AGA) requires performance records for registration. An annual Sire Summary, Cow Recognition Program, EPDs for all animals, breed promotion, and a Commercial Marketing Program headline AGA's programs of action.

The breed is red in color, with strong skin pigmentation, and horned. Polled cattle have developed in the United States from the use of naturally hornless foundation females.

Today, there are approximately 45,000 active, registered Gelbvieh cows in the United States and 1,400 active members of the American Gelbvieh Association (AGA). 

The American Gelbvieh Association (AGA) is the largest Gelbvieh association in the world and ranks seventh in number of registered animals among beef breed associations in the United States. 

Most registered U.S. Gelbvieh are classified as purebreds, at least 88 percentage Gelbvieh, and were bred up by mating full-bloods and purebred Gelbvieh bulls to foundation cows.

Gelbvieh calves are widely recognized for excellence in growth, muscling and marketability, while Gelbvieh females are known for milking ability, fertility and quiet temperament.

Proponents of the breed claim the breed has superior fertility, calving ease, mothering ability, and growth rate of the calves.

This information has been compiled from multiple sources. I hope this helps.


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