Theodore Roosevelt, 1903

"Let us speak courteously, deal fairly, and keep ourselves armed and ready." - Theodore Roosevelt, 1903

Tuesday, July 2, 2013

What is a Rifle? The ATF Definition

This is from the ATF website:

Gun Control Act Definitions

Define: Rifle

Defined Under: 18 U.S.C., § 921(A)(7) and 27 CFR § 478.11

The term “Rifle” means:

A weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed metallic cartridge to fire only a single projectile through a rifled bore for each single pull of the trigger.

This illustration shows the primary characteristics exhibited in the rifle category.

Since rifle configurations differ significantly, various models in this classification may exhibit any of the illustrated components in a revised configuration but not necessarily all components shown will be incorporated in any one given design.


Various rifle types: Semiautomatic, Lever Action, Slide/Pump Action, etc. 


Bolt Action

The Bolt action is utilized in the design and function of rifles, shotguns and pistols including single shot and magazine-fed repeating models.

This illustration exhibits the primary characteristics of a rifle, but most component parts are applicable in a revised configuration.


A diagram showing various parts of a bolt action weapon and their defined names: the crossbolt safety, stock, receiver ring, etc.  
Group Callout Schedule [a]

Group Description

Group (1) Four magazine configurations available on the repeating models of this type action.

A-Tubular, B-Fixed Internal, C-Bottom Access Floorplate, D-Detachable

Group (2) Four various safety configurations which may appear on the available models.

A-Crossbolt, B-Top Tang, C-Side Lever, D-Tailpiece Safety

Group (3) Two buttstock appointments available in this group.

A-Butt Plate, B-Recoil Pad

Group (4) Two barrel configurations which may appear on this type action.

A-Rifled, B-Smooth Bore

[a] Group callouts identify various configurations of a specific component which may be incorporated in the function of the various models employing the bolt action in their design.

However, only one type component from each callout group will appear on any given subject firearm.
 
Self Loading Action (Semiautomatic)

The Self-loading action is utilized in the design and function of rifles, shotguns and pistols.
This illustration exhibits the primary characteristics of a rifle but most component parts are applicable in a revised configuration to both the shotgun and pistol categories.

The pistol configuration does differ significantly (see separate illustration).

A diagram showing various parts of a self loading action weapon and their defined names: the operating handle, forearm cap, grip cap, etc.
Group Callout Schedule [a]


Group Description

Group (1) Three magazine configurations available on this type action.

A-Hinged, B-Detachable, C&D-Tubular (Front and Rear)

Group (2) Four various safety configurations which may appear on the available models.

A-Crossbolt (front or rear), B-Top Tang, C-Trigger Guard

Group (3) Two buttstock appointments available in this group.

A-Recoil Pad, B-Buttplate

Group (4) Two barrel configurations which may appear on this type action.

A-Smooth Bore, B-Rifled

[a] Group callouts identify various configurations of a specific component which may be incorporated in the function of the various models employing the autoloading action in their design. However, only one type component from each callout group will appear on any given subject firearm.

Lever Action

The Lever action is utilized in the design and function of rifles, shotguns and pistols.

This illustration exhibits the primary characteristics of a rifle.

Although most component parts are applicable in a revised configuration to both the shotgun and pistol categories, relatively few representative models exist in those categories.


A diagram showing various parts of a lever action weapon and their defined names: the lower tang, receiver, barrel band, etc.

Group Callout Schedule [a]

Group Description

Group (1) Three magazine configurations available on this type action.

A-Fixed Internal (rotary), B-Detachable (inline or staggered feed), C-Tubular

Group (2) Two ejection port configurations are available in this group.

A-Side Port Ejection, B-Top Port Ejection

Group (3) Two buttstock appointments appear on the available models.

A-Recoil Pad, B-Buttplate

[a] Group callouts identify various configurations of a specific component which may be incorporated in the function of the various models employing the lever action in their design. However, only one type component from each callout group will appear on any given subject firearm.

Slide/Pump Action


The Slide/Pump action is utilized in the design and function of rifles and shotguns.

This illustration exhibits the primary characteristics of a rifle but most component parts are applicable in a revised configuration to the Pump/Slide Shotgun category.


A diagram showing various parts of a slide/pump action weapon and their defined names: the buttstock, forearm, ejection port, etc.

Group Callout Schedule [a]


Group Description

Group (1) Three magazine configurations available on this type action.

A-Hinged, B-Detachable, C&D-Tubular (Front and Rear)

Group (2) Four various safety configurations which may appear on the available models.

A-Crossbolt (front or rear), B-Top Tang

Group (3) Two buttstock appointments available in this group.

A-Recoil Pad, B-Buttplate

Group (4) Two barrel configurations which may appear on this type action.

A-Smooth Bore, B-Rifled

[a]  Group callouts identify various configurations of a specific component which may be incorporated in the function of the various models employing the pump/slide action in their design. However, only one type component from each callout group will appear on any given subject firearm.

Top Break Action

The Top Break action is utilized in the design and function of rifles, shotguns and pistols.

This illustration exhibits the primary characteristics of a shotgun but most component parts are applicable in a revised configuration to the rifle and pistol categories.


A diagram showing various parts of a slide/pump action weapon and their defined names: the ventilated top rib, ejector/extractor, barrel selector, etc.

Group Callout Schedule [a]


Group Description

Group (1) Various barrel configurations which may appearon this type action.

A-Single Shotgun, B-Single Rifle, C-Double Rifle, D-Combination, E-Double Shotgun

Group (2) Two safety configurations which may appear on the available models.

A-Crossbolt, B-Top Tang

Group (3) Two buttstock appointments available in this group.

A-Buttplate, B-Recoil Pad

[a]  Group callouts identify various configurations of a specific component which may be incorporated in the function of the various models employing the break open action in their design. However, only one type component from each callout group will appear on any given subject firearm.

--per the ATF
 

1 comment:

  1. It's good to see this information in your article, i was searching the same but there was not any good resource, Thanks now i have the link which i was looking for my research.

    ReplyDelete

Thank you for your comment.